ENGLISH IS A VERY FLEXIBLE LANGUAGE AND YOU CAN BUILD ON YOUR VOCABULARY AND LEARN HOW TO MAKE NEW WORDS.
ONE WAY OF DOING THIS IS TO ADD PREFIXES (SUCH AS DISPRE OR CO) BEFORE THE WORD.
HERE’S A LIST OF COMMON PREFIXES WITH THEIR MEANINGS AND SOME EXAMPLES.
ANTI (= AGAINST)
ANTIBODIES, ANTI-SOCIAL
AUTO (SELF)
AUTONOMOUS, AUTOBIOGRAPHY, AUTOMOBILE
BI (= TWO)
BICYCLE
CO (= WITH)
COOPERATE, COORDINATE
CONTRA (= AGAINST)
CONTRADICT, CONTRAVENE
DE (= REMOVE)
DEREGULATE, DESELECT
DIS (= NOT)
DISAPPEAR
IL (= NOT)
ILLEGAL
IM (= NOT)
IMMATERIAL, IMMATURE
INTER (= BETWEEN)
INTERNATIONAL
MIS(= BADLY/WRONGLY)
MISINFORM, MISBEHAVE, MISUNDERSTAND
MULTI (= MANY)
MULTINATIONAL
NON (= OPPOSITE)
NON-PROFIT
OUT (= MORE THAN)
OUTPERFORM, OUTDONE
OVER (= TOO MUCH)
OVERSLEEP, OVERWORK
POST (= AFTER)
POSTPONE, POSTNATAL
PRE (= BEFORE)
PREDICT
RE (= AGAIN)
REWRITE, RELIVE
SUB (= UNDER)
SUBMARINE
SUPER (= HIGHER/IMPROVED)
SUPERMARKET
TRANS (= ACROSS)
TRANSATLANTIC
UNI (= ONE)
UNIFORM
UNDER (= NOT ENOUGH)
UNDERPAID, UNDERFED
WORD ENDINGS
YOU CAN ALSO MAKE NEW WORDS FROM THE WORDS YOU ALREADY KNOW BY USING DIFFERENT ENDINGS. FOR EXAMPLE, “THE PERSON WHO EMPLOYS ME HAS A FAST CAR”. YOU CAN MAKE THIS SENTENCE SIMPLER, BY REPLACING “THE PERSON WHO EMPLOYS ME” WITH “MY EMPLOYER”. THIS GIVES YOU “MY EMPLOYER HAS A FAST CAR.”
IN ENGLISH YOU CAN MAKE NOUNS FROM VERBS (TO EMPLOY GIVES EMPLOYER AND EMPLOYEE). YOU CAN ALSO MAKE VERBS FROM NOUNS OR ADJECTIVES: GOVERNMENT GIVES TO GOVERNMODERN GIVES TO MODERNISE AND SO ON. LEARNING WHAT ENDINGS YOU CAN PUT ON WORDS MEANS YOU CAN EXPAND YOUR VOCABULARY AND SAY WHAT YOU MEAN MORE EASILY.
HERE ARE SOME COMMON WORD ENDINGS:
NOUNS
ER /- OR: A PERSON WHO DOES SOMETHING
ADVISER / ADVISOR, TEACHER, LEARNER
IAN
OPTICIAN, MATHEMATICIAN
MENT: RESULT OF ACTION
IMPROVEMENT, ADVANCEMENT
ISM: NAME OF SYSTEM OR BELIEF
REALISM, OPTIMISM
IST: THE PERSON WHO BELIEVES IN THE SYSTEM
REALIST, OPTIMIST
ION
CONFUSION, APPARITION
NESS
HAPPINESS
SHIP
LEADERSHIP
ENCE / ANCE
PERMANENCE, APPEARANCE
ACY
LUNACY
AGE
MARRIAGE
ITY
ANNUITY
Y
PHOTOGRAPHY
CY
FLUENCY
VERBS
IFY
FALSIFY, MODIFY
ISE
MODERNISE
ADJECTIVES
IC
IDIOTIC, PERIODIC
FUL
AWFUL, WONDERFUL
ABLE / IBLE
COMFORTABLE, TERRIBLE
PROOF RESISTANT
WATERPROOF, CHILDPROOF, FIREPROOF
FREE
ALCOHOL FREE BEER, NUCLEAR FREE ZONE
LESS: WITHOUT
HOPELESS, CHILDLESS